According to Fidelity, the average balance of 401(k) plan participants grew to a record high of $91,300 at the end of 2014. This data is from plans using the Fidelity platform.
According to Fidelity about 72,000 participants had a balance of $1 million which is about double the number at the end of 2012 and about 5 times the number at the end of 2008. What their secret? Here are 7 tips to become a 401(k) millionaire or to at least maximize the value of your 401(k) account.
Be consistent and persistent
Investing in your 401(k) plan is more of a marathon than a sprint. Maintain and increase your salary deferrals in good markets and bad.
In an ideal world every 401(k) investor would max out their annual salary deferrals to their plan which are currently $18,000 and $24,000 for those who are 50 or over. If you are just turning 50 this year or if you are older be sure to take advantage of the $6,000 catch-up contribution that is available to you. Even if you plan limits the amount that you can contribute because of testing or other issues this catch-up amount is not impacted. It is also not automatic so be sure to let your plan administrator know that you want to contribute at that level.
According to the Fidelity study the average contribution rate for those with a $1 million balance was 16 percent, while the average contribution across all 401(k) investors they surveyed was about 8 percent. The 16 percent contribution rate translated to a bit over $21,000 for the millionaire group.
As I’ve said in past 401(k) posts on this site it is important to contribute as much as you can. If you can only afford to defer 3 percent this year, that’s a start. Next year try to hit 4 percent or more. As a general rule it is a good goal to contribute at least enough to earn the full matching if your employer offers one.
Take appropriate risks
As with any sort of investment account be sure that you are investing in accordance with your financial plan, your age and your risk tolerance. I can’t tell you how many times I’ve seen lists of plan participants and see participants in their 20s with all or a large percentage of their account in the plan’s money market or stable value option.
Your account can’t grow if you don’t take some risk.
Don’t assume Target Date Funds are the answer
Target Date Funds are big business for the mutual fund companies offering them. They also represent a “safe harbor” from liability for your employer. I’m not saying they are a bad option but I’m also not saying they are the best option for you.
I like TDFs for younger investors say those in their 20s who may not have other investments outside of the plan. The TDF offers an instant diversified portfolio for them.
Once you’ve been working for a while you should have some outside investments. By the time you are say in your 40s you should consider a more tailored portfolio that fits you overall situation.
Additionally Target Date Funds all have a glide path into retirement. They are all a bit different, you need to understand if the glide path offered by the TDF family in your plan is right for you.
Invest during a long bull market
This is a bit sarcastic but the bull market for stocks that started in March of 2009 is in part why we’ve seen a surge in 401(k) millionaires and in 401(k) balances in general. The equity allocations of 401(k) portfolios have driven the values higher.
The flip side are those who swore off stocks at the depths of the 2008-2009 market downturn have missed one of the better opportunities in history to increase their 401(k) balance and their overall retirement nest egg.
Don’t fumble the ball before crossing the goal line
We’ve all seen those “hotdogs” running for a sure touchdown only to spike the ball in celebration before crossing the goal line.
The 401(k) equivalent of this is to just let your account run in a bull market like this one and not rebalance it back to your target allocation. If your target is 60 percent in stocks and it’s grown to 80 percent in equities due to the run up of the past few years you might well be a 401(k) millionaire.
It is just as likely that you may become a former 401(k) millionaire if you don’t rebalance. The stock market has a funny way of punishing investors who are too aggressive or who don’t manage their investments.
Pay attention to those old 401(k) accounts
Whether becoming a 401(k) millionaire in your current 401(k) account or combined across several accounts the points mentioned above still apply. In addition it is important to be proactive with your 401(k) account when you leave a job. Whether you roll the account over to an IRA, leave it in the old plan or roll it to a new employer’s plan if allowed do something, make a decision. Leaving an old 401(k) account unattended is wasting this money and can be a huge detriment to your retirement savings efforts.
The Bottom Line
Whether or not you actually amass $1 million in your 401(k) or not the goal is to maximize the amount accumulated there for retirement. The steps outlined above can help you to do this. Are you ready to start down the path of becoming a 401(k) millionaire?
Please feel free to contact me with your questions.