If you’ve been watching the Olympics, you may have noticed several new Ameriprise Financial commercials with their star pitchman Tommy Lee Jones. One commercial asks the question on the mind of many folks looking to retire:
This isn’t about whether Ameriprise Financial is the right firm to help you answer this vital question. Rather I wanted to discuss some of the factors that will go into the answering this question from the perspective of someone looking to retire.
A good first step is to determine your resources to generate spendable cash once you retire. Depending upon your situation these may include some or all of the following:
- 401(k) or similar retirement plan such as a 401(b) or other defined contribution plan.
- IRA accounts, both traditional and Roth.
- A pension.
- Stock options or restricted stock units.
- Social Security
- Taxable investment accounts.
- Cash, savings accounts, CDs, etc.
- Cash value in a life insurance policy
- Interest in a business
- Real estate
- Any income from working into retirement
The list above is not exhaustive and you may have other assets or sources of income that you will be able to tap in retirement.
How much have you accumulated?
This is an important question at all ages for those saving for retirement. It is critical the closer you are to retirement and this is certainly true if you are within 10 years or less of retirement.
How much will you spend in retirement?
While this might vary over the course of your retirement you need to take a stab at a spending plan for retirement if you are close to retirement. Some of the issues to consider:
- Where will you live?
- Will you have a mortgage or other debts as you enter retirement?
- What types of activities will you engage in?
- What are your costs for medical insurance and medical care?
- Will you need to provide support for children? Grandchildren? Aging parents?
- What will your basic living expenses entail?
These questions just scratch the surface, but I think you get the idea. One other point to remember is that you might spend more on travel and activities in the earlier part of your retirement and less as you age. However, any savings here might be offset by increased costs for medical care.
Another approach is to figure out what level of expenditure your savings and other resources will support and either work backwards to a budget within that spending level, try to ramp up your retirement savings to close the gap, or perhaps plan to work a few years longer before retiring. This can be done using any number of retirement planning calculators available online. With any such tool it is important that you pay attention to the assumptions inherent in the calculator’s model and that you think through any assumptions that you are allowed to input.
A qualified financial planner can help you through this process and this is a key element in a financial plan.
Whatever route you take the issue of outliving your money in retirement is a vital one for you to address. In my opinion this is the biggest risk retiree’s face and is a biggest risk than losing money in the next market downturn.
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