I’ve written a number of posts on this site about saving for retirement. This time let’s turn it around and discuss 5 steps to a lousy retirement.
Invest in stocks at the top of the market
This tip is timely as major stock market indexes are at all-time highs. In fact one company, John Hancock recently ran a TV ad encouraging investors who had been on the sidelines during the current market rally to get in now. The commercial depicted upscale couples sitting in their financial advisor’s office with a sense of optimism about the markets and feeling like this is the right time to invest. Don’t get me wrong, I have no idea where the stock market is going from here, but four years into a major Bull Market is not the time to be thinking about just getting back into stocks. A better approach is to have a financial plan that includes an appropriate investment allocation for your situation through the market’s ups and downs.
Invest in high cost broker sold mutual funds
Whether proprietary mutual funds offered by your broker or registered rep’s employer or mutual funds with expensive loads, these funds are generally bad choices for most investors. While no financial advisor works for free, unless there is some overriding reason to the contrary it is generally a good idea to avoid these mutual funds. Rather look for a fee-only financial advisor who sells their advice and expertise and isn’t dependent upon commissions and trailers from the sale of financial products. This type of structure lends itself to utilizing low cost index funds and actively managed funds across the whole universe of fund families.
Make financial decisions based upon your emotions
It is said that fear and greed are the two most potent forces that drive the stock market. Many financial products, especially many annuities (including Equity Index Annuities) are sold by fear mongering sales types with retirees and Baby Boomers as their prime targets. An annuity might be the right answer for you, but don’t write a check until you review all the details of this or any financial product. Don’t buy into the doom and gloom scenarios pitched by many financial sales types, especially right after a market decline such as the one we experienced in 2008-09. Make financial decisions with a clear head, not out of fear, greed, or any other emotion.
Don’t take full advantage of your workplace retirement plan
Why contribute to a 401(k) plan, 403(b), 457, or similar retirement plan offered by your employer? It’s much more fun to spend the money on things you want now such as clothes, a new car, that vacation you deserve, etc. Besides, didn’t 401(k) plans let investors down in 2008-09? The reality is that your employer sponsored retirement plan is one of the best retirement savings vehicles going. Even a lousy 401(k) plan is generally worth funding at least enough to receive your employer’s full match if one is offered. Over the course of my years as a financial planner I can tell you that I have many clients who have accumulated (or are in the process of accumulating) significant sums in their retirement plan accounts that will play a key role in their retirement.
Don’t plan for retirement, just wing it
Why spend money on a financial plan? Retirement will just happen and I’ll be ready. Things have always worked out for me. The reality is that retirement is a financial journey, both accumulating enough for a comfortable retirement and managing your money during retirement. While you might win the lottery or inherit a princely sum from some long lost relative, the reality is that a successful retirement takes planning.
As the legendary golfer Gary Player once said, “… the more I practice, the luckier I get…” The same applies to preparing financially for retirement. Planning, preparation, saving early and regularly, and your good common sense are all key elements in engineering a successful and comfortable retirement.
Please feel free to contact me with your questions.
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